DRR stands for Disaster Risk Reduction. Over the past decade more than 1.5 billion people have been affected by disasters that have cost at least US$ 1.3 trillion. Climate change, weak governance, and an increasing concentration of people and assets in areas exposed to natural hazards are driving disaster risk upwards, especially in poor and fragile countries.
In the April 2015 earthquakes, Nepal witnessed one of the biggest tragedies in its history with the loss of nearly 9,000 people. They were killed as a result of weak infrastructure that collapsed during the earthquake. Indeed, earthquakes do not kill, weak buildings do. This year witnessed one of the worst floods in recent times in South Asia that affected 29 districts in Nepal, killing 160 people. It also destroyed 43,000 houses, affecting another 191,000, damaged public infrastructure like roads, bridges, embankments, canals, and washed away standing crops and other livelihoods worth over NPR 8 billion.
Sindhupalchowk District was one of the most seriously affected districts by the earthquake. 3,573 people lost their lives, including 1,230 children, and 1,435 people were injured. For the building damage, around 95,767 houses and animal sheds collapsed totally and 945 houses and animal sheds were partially damaged. In addition, around 200 public buildings are fully damaged. 3,607 classrooms collapsed fully and 1,166 classrooms were major damaged. The per capita disaster effect on the Sindhupalchowk District is around NPR 233,000 (PDNA). Insufficient capacity of community people for disaster management is a big issue in Sindhupalchowk District. Because of its geographic condition, mountainous communities have high risk of isolation in case of disaster. Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) aims to reduce the damage caused by natural hazards like earthquakes, floods etc through an ethic of prevention. The Nepali Government initiated the concept of Build Back Better towards the resilience of the society with emphasis on the improvement of the Disaster Risk Reduction system in Nepal. To support the Nepal government, JGSS is implementing DRR activities.
Major Activities done in the DRR sector are as follows:
- Established institutional mechanism CDMCs (12), Taskforce (First aid-12 and Search and Rescue-12) and volunteers in working areas
- Developed and enhanced the capacity of CDMCs, task force and volunteers regarding DRR through CBDRR training, simulation and interaction and its mainstreaming into development plans.
- Capacity enhancement of Rural Municipality and Municipality through providing the search and rescue materials.
- Constructed 2(Sunkhani, Helambu) earthquake, flood and fire resistant low cost model houses.
- Implementation of LDRMP plans initiated by constructing the small scale mitigation work (Land slide control) in 13 sites.
- Seven schools supported materials for implementing the school disaster management plans.
- Disseminated the DRR messages to HHs of 7 wards by mobilizing the 63 community volunteers.
- Establishment of district warehouse
- Provided training to Local government about the concept of Disaster Risk management, act, policies and strategy.